References, Youtube channel and Podcasts

Fractured Resilience YouTube Channel 

Fractured Resilience Podcast Channel

 This is an excellent article on the brain disease of addittion: 

McGill University in Montreal, Canada has an excellent web page on drug effects on the brain: 

The best text book on the disease of addiction is:

 ASAM'S Principles of Addiction Medicine

There is a lot of valuable information on the governments substance abuse web site:


Review of the Stages of Change

Benefits of buprenorphine and methadone maintainance

MAT treatment options review


Ahmed, S. H., Guillem, K., & Vandaele, Y. (2013, July). Sugar addiction: Pushing the drug-sugar analogy to the limit. Current Opinions in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care. 16(4), 434-9

Avena, N. M., Rada, P., & Hoebel, B. G. (2008), Evidence for sugar addiction: behavioral and neurochemical effects of intermittent, excessive sugar intake. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 32(1), 20-39

Mysels, D. J., & Sullivan, M. A. (2010, November-December). The relationship between opioid and sugar intake: Review of evidence and clinical applications. Journal of Opioid Management, 6(6), 445-452

Balfour DJK. The role of mesoaccumbens dopamine in nicotine dependence. Curr Top Behav Neurosci. 2015;24:55-98. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-13482-6_3.

Brody AL, Mukhin AG, Mamoun MS, et al. Brain nicotinic acetylcholine receptor availability and response to smoking cessation treatment: a randomized trial. JAMA Psychiatry. 2014;71(7):797-805. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2014.138.

Anstey KJ, von Sanden C, Salim A, O’Kearney R. Smoking as a risk factor for dementia and cognitive decline: a meta-analysis of prospective studies. Am J Epidemiol. 2007;166(4):367-378. doi:10.1093/aje/kwm116.

Levran O, Yuferov V, Kreek MJ. The genetics of the opioid system and specific drug addictions. Hum Genet. 2012 Jun;131(6):823-42. doi: 10.1007/s00439-012-1172-4. Epub 2012 May 1. Review. 

Citation on PubMed or Free article on PubMed Central

Drugs of abuse: Amphetamines. (2017). - page=50